Terpenes are a group of chemical compounds that occur in plants and rarely in animals. They are also counted among secondary plant compounds that we ingest through food. Terpenes are also important components in the hemp plant, along with cannabinoids such as CBD. They are considered a fragrance and protect the plant from pests.
The hemp plant has over 100 different terpenes, which serves as protection against pests and gives a special aroma. The terpenes of the hemp plant can have important benefits for you, as research suggests that CBD has a more intense effect in conjunction with terpenes. However, too little research has been done to confirm this with certainty.
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What are terpenes?
Terpenes are actually chemical compounds that have a similar structure. They occur in plants and also rarely in animals, such as insects. Terpenes are also called secondary plant compounds. They are often used because of their smell or taste and are also the main component of plant essential oils.
If you are wondering why sometimes also spoken of terpenoids. The generic term terpenoids includes all chemical compounds that have terpenes as a building block. Terpenoids also include other secondary plant substances such as bitter substances or carotenoids. Cannabinoids are also very similar to terpenes.
In general, the terpenes belong to the secondary plant substances. For humans, they do not belong to the essential nutrients and are still very little researched. However, they are said to have an influence on metabolic processes. Various health-promoting effects are attributed to them, such as protection against cancers, effects on the heart and blood pressure, or anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects.
However, it is currently not possible to confirm these effects with the current scientific data. Therefore, no recommendations can be given, which indicate a dosage or an intake amount.
It is probably important that terpenes and secondary plant substances are not taken in isolation, but as a total package of the plant. We at ALPINOLS especially believe in the full plant power of our hemp plants!
Where do you find terpenes?
Terpenes occur in nature mainly in plants. They serve the defense and communication of plants. We perceive this through smells or taste. When brushing our teeth, for example, we smell the terpene menthol in a peppermint toothpaste.
The cannabis plant alone already contains more than 150 terpenes. Most of the terpenes of the cannabis plant are found in the resin, but also the flowers and the fine leaves around the flowers, the so-called trim, contain many of the valuable terpenes.
Terpenes are already widely used in aromatherapy. Essential oils are becoming more and more popular, because they are said to have many benefits. Even if today's research can not give any fixed statements here, they still smell pretty good.
What terpenes are in the hemp plant?
Just like us humans, each cannabis plant is individual. Cannabis plants have different compositions of terpenes. Thus, the terpenes of each variety are similar, yet each plant is different. This is what makes them so special.
The typical hemp smell or taste comes from terpenes and makes the special aroma of the hemp plant. We would like to introduce you to some of the terpenes in our CBD oils.
Myrcene occurs in large quantities in the hemp plant and is therefore already one of the most researched terpenes of the hemp plant. The terpene myrcene is a natural hydrocarbon that occurs primarily in many fruits, herbs and for example hops. The aroma is clove-like and has hints of citrus. It is believed that myrcene is anti-inflammatory and calming. However, this is not yet fully proven and researched.
Even the name sounds like the citrusy aroma that limonene has. It is found primarily in citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and limes. In addition, this terpene is also found in juniper, peppermint, and the hemp plant. We've heard many times that lime in particular is supposed to put you in a better mood and restore your balance. However, this has not yet been conclusively researched.
Although the name sounds complicated, you've probably smelled it already. Beta-caryophyllene has a peppery, spicy aroma and is often found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, figs, and basil. There is a suggestion that this terpene is calming and anti-inflammatory. But again, nothing has been proven or conclusively researched.
There are alpha and beta pinene. It is widespread and as the name suggests it is often found in pine forests and conifers. But this terpene can also be found in orange peel, rosemary and parsley. However, its effect has not yet been proven. It is supposed to be anxiety-relieving and concentration-promoting, which is so far only a conjecture of the research.
You're probably familiar with the lavender sachets that you put under your pillow to help you sleep better. The smell that is released is caused by the terpene linalool. With its sweet and floral aroma, it is also found in coriander, nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, thyme, basil and roses. In the past, people also liked to use this scent to repel mosquitoes, because the little insects don't like it at all. Research has found that linalool can probably have an anxiety-relieving and relaxing effect.
This terpene is mainly found in lilac or other flowers. The flowery aroma is also found in lime blossoms and the hemp plant. Terpineol is said to be antibacterial, but has not yet been fully researched.
Geraniums smell particularly good because geraniol gives them a floral, rosy aroma. Lemons also contain geraniol. Researchers suspect that it has a sleep-inducing and antioxidant effect. However, this has not yet been proven.
What do terpenes do?
Plants not only contain important nutrients for us humans, but also terpenes. Research assumes that these terpenes could have an importance for our organism. However, it has already been found that often the interaction of the components of the entire plant is important for a possible effect.
Also with CBD, research assumes that the full spectrum of the hemp plant could have a more positive effect than isolated CBD. Here, however, the research is not yet agreed. In expert circles, this possible effect is also known as the "entourage effect". Researchers believe that the plant as a whole could be better for us than isolated components of the plant.
So terpenes are not just thought to be for smell or taste, it is increasingly thought that they can have other effects on us humans.
In a 1964 study, Israeli researchers found that the main active ingredients of cannabis (CBD and THC) are only part of the effect of cannabis. He found that other cannabinoids and terpenes also have an effect. He subsequently referred to this as the "entourage effect". Entourage comes from the French and means nothing else than "surroundings" or "environment". Other cannabinoids and terpenes form the so-called environment in which CBD and THC are found in the cannabis plant.
Terpenes are now used in aromatherapy, they should be able to unfold their effect through the smell or the skin. Essential oils, in which the terpenes are found, are used for fragrance lamps or skin oils. They are therefore particularly popular in cosmetic products or even in food.
In aromatherapy, terpenes are used as a form of therapy because of their smell. It belongs to herbal medicine and is used as room scenting, flower baths or in massage oils.
Here, too, it is always emphasized how important the plant as a whole is compared to isolated components. We also believe in the full power of the hemp plant and therefore gently extract all important components from the hemp plant for our CBD oils with our CO2 method.
Caution: Terpenes and cats
For us humans, flavors are important and we can get a benefit from them. However, caution is required for cats!
Especially cinnamon, thyme, tea tree oil, peppermint, lavender or oregano can quickly become dangerous for cats. Cats can not break down terpenes or only after a long time. They accumulate in the body of the animal. Therefore, it is especially important to make sure that your four-legged friend does not get into the pleasure of essential oils, aromatic substances or CBD oils with terpenes. A CBD oil for cats should therefore be as free of terpenes as possible.
For this reason, ALPINOLS has a special product for cats, which is terpene-free and also suitable for your cat!
Terpenes at ALPINOLS
For our CBD oils we only want the best! We believe in the full power of the hemp plant and therefore pay special attention to a complete terpene profile in our CBD oils.
Our CBD oil is produced with a gentle extraction method. The CO2 extraction ensures that only the best of the hemp plant is included. With other extraction methods, valuable terpenes can be lost. We want to avoid that.
In our CBD oil you will also never find artificially added terpenes, but only what really occurs in the hemp plant. This way, we can guarantee that our CBD oils are a natural product.
So that you can have a look at how our terpene profile looks like, we have here an analysis report for you.
Basically, it is important to look for high-quality CBD oils that are particularly natural and produced in organic quality. We at ALPINOLS believe in the full power of plants and therefore you will always find CBD products that are particularly natural and 100% organic!