Cannabinol or CBN is, next to CBD, the new star in the cannabinoid sky. This cannabinoid also deserves more attention.
CBN is a component of the hemp plant and also belongs to the cannabinoids like CBD and THC. The cannabinoid is still rather little known and research is just beginning to find out what benefits this cannabinoid of the hemp plant will have.
For a long time, CBN was overlooked, as it only occurs in the later growth stages of the cannabis plant. CBD and THC can be detected very early in the cannabis plant and were in the forefront. Now, however, CBN is moving more and more to the forefront and is increasingly present in Full Spectrum CBD oils.
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What is Cannabinol (CBN)?
Cannabinol (CBN) belongs to the cannabinoids, just like CBD and THC, or CBG. It is a component of the hemp plant and for a long time the benefits of this cannabinoid have been underestimated. CBD and THC develop from acids in the hemp plant, including CBGA. It is only in the later stages of growth that CBN is also found in the hemp plant. That is why CBN has been discovered relatively late.
Research results go in the direction that CBN can work well together with CBD. Even though nothing is proven here yet, we already believe in the full plant power. CBN is created through oxidation. Only when the hemp plant is exposed to oxygen for a longer period of time, oxidized THC, i.e. CBN, is formed. This is why it is found late in the hemp plant. Since it is formed from THC with oxygen, it also has a slightly psychoactive effect.
What is the difference between CBN and CBD?
While CBN and CBD are both cannabinoids from the hemp plant, there are a few differences. Probably the biggest difference is that CBN is slightly psychoactive, as it comes from the oxidation of THC. CBD, on the other hand, has no psychoactive properties.
In addition, CBN cannot dock to the CB1 receptor of the endocannabinoid system as well as CBD. Whether this also applies to the CB2 receptor has not yet been sufficiently researched. In addition, it is still unclear whether CBN rather has a direct influence on the endocannabinoid system.
The timing at which the cannabinoid CBN comes to light also forms a difference to CBD. While CBD appears earlier in the cannabis plant, there is more CBN later in the cannabis plant. This is because CBN is created from the oxidation of THC when it is exposed to air for longer periods of time.
What is the effect of CBN?
Every human has an endocannabinoid system that interacts with cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. The endocannabinoid system also includes two receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, with which cannabinoids can interact. Not only endogenous endocannabinoids, but also the cannabinoids of the hemp plant can have an influence here.
CBN is also thought to have an effect on the endocannabinoid system. Research is still divided, but there is an increasing tendency that CBN does not dock as well to the CB1 receptor. Thus, CBN is supposed to have a direct influence on the system rather than indirectly via the receptors.
Additionally, CBN is an oxidized product of THC and oxygen. This means that CBN has mild psychoactive properties. Thus, researchers suspect that CBN could serve as an effective sedative in the future. So far, there are no known side effects that are harmful.
How do you apply CBN?
CBN is rather an unknown cannabinoid of the cannabis plant. Since the focus of the harvest is usually also on its siblings CBD and THC, many plants do not have time to be able to form enough CBN. For this, they would have to be exposed to oxygen for longer, so that the THC of the hemp plant can oxidize.
However, CBN can occasionally be found in CBD oils that contain the full spectrum of the hemp plant. They include all the components that the hemp plant possesses and are also called full spectrum CBD oils.
If you want to know if a product contains CBN, it's best to contact the manufacturer and find out about lab analyses that examine the full spectrum of CBD oils.