Everyone knows THC and now also CBD. These two cannabinoids of the hemp plant are experiencing more hype than ever before! But what is actually cannabigerol?

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is also a component of the hemp plant and belongs to the cannabinoids. So far it is not well known, but CBG is also slowly gaining attention. Also importantly, CBG does not get you high. Just like CBD, it has no psychoactive properties.

We shed light on the rather unknown cannabinoid CBG and explain what you need to know about CBG. Also the application of CBG and where you can buy CBG, we tell you here!

Table of contents

What is cannabigerol (CBG)?

What is the difference between CBD and CBG?

How is CBG produced?

How is CBG used?

How does CBG work?


What is cannabigerol (CBG)?

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a cannabinoid found in the hemp plant. At first glance, CBG seems inconspicuous, but this cannabinoid is also an important component of our Full Spectrum CBD oils.

CBG is one of the first cannabinoids to form in the cannabis plant. At the very beginning of growth, there is still a lot of CBG in the plant. The older the cannabis plant gets, the less CBG it contains. In the end, however, CBG only makes up less than 1% of the total cannabinoids in the hemp plant.

CBG as has the CBG acid (CBGA) as its basic building block. An additional carboxy group must be split off to get the CBG from CBGA. From these forms, the better known forms CBD and THC are also formed later. Enzymes can convert CBGA into other basic forms (such as those for CBD and THC). This is why there is less CBG in the plant during the later stages of plant growth.

Chemically, CBG, CBD and other cannabinoids are present in an acid form in the hemp plant. These need what is called decarboxylation. Understandably speaking, this simply means that the cannabinoid acids become the cannabinoids like CBG and CBD that we know. This only happens after harvesting.

The fine trim that we harvest from our CBD plants is dried and heated. This transforms the acids into CBG, CBD and further cannabinoids. So it is even more important that CBG or CBD oils are processed gently, so that as many components of the hemp plant are preserved.

Many cannabis strains are bred to contain as much CBD as possible, or in the medical field, as much THC. However, this has an impact on the CBG content. The more of the other cannabinoids should be contained, the less CBG remains in the plant. So the balance and interaction of the individual cannabinoids is important, which can be found in a good organic full spectrum CBD oil or CBG oil.

What is the difference between CBG and CBD?

CBG and CBD belong to the cannabinoids of the hemp plant, just like THC. Let's explain what the difference between CBG and CBD is.

CBG forms from an acid form that is present in the young cannabis plant. CBGA is a basic building block of the many important cannabinoids that will later be present in the plant. But first, enzymes form other acids from CBGA, which then serve as precursors for CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids. After harvesting, the acids then form the cannabinoids that we have in our CBD oils.

So CBG and CBD have a different chemical structure, but are derived from the same chemical acid form. The concentration of CBG and CBD in the hemp plant is also divided differently. If the CBG content is still very high at the beginning of growth, it becomes lower and lower the more CBD and THC the cannabis plant develops.

There is also a difference in the presumed effect between CBG and CBD. So the focus should be on effects on the skin, on sleep and mood, but rather not in digestion and intestinal health are caused. However, research has not been able to make any well-documented statements here so far. So we are curious what will be found out about CBG in the future!

How is CBG produced?

Often the focus is on CBD and THC when growing hemp. CBG has only recently started to get more and more attention. The highest amount of cannabigerol tends to be found in the young hemp plant. However, when more CBD and THC are to be harvested from the hemp plant, it is often harvested late in the flowering phase. At this stage, a lot of CBG acid has already been converted into the precursors for CBD and THC, so the CBG content is very low, often even less than 1%.

For this reason, the interest of the research is on hemp varieties that form a higher CBG content. Also an earlier harvest of the plant can bring about a higher CBG content. Often, the oil of the hemp seeds is additionally used as a carrier oil of CBG oils, which can also have a small amount of CBG. Thus, the profile of the CBG oil is expanded.

How is CBG used?

CBG can be found on the market as CBG oil, CBG capsules or in cosmetics. Mostly, however, it is a component of high-quality CBD oils that contain the so-called full spectrum of the hemp plant. They are also called full spectrum CBD oils.

As with CBD, you should start with a low dosage of CBG. This way, the body can slowly get used to the cannabinoid and you will find out your individual best dosage.

How does CBG work?

Our body has an endocannabinoid system with two receptors, the CB1 and CB2 receptors. The cannabinoids can interact with this system. CBG can also communicate in this endocannabinoid system. Research suggests that CBG acts as an antagonist to the CB1 receptor. This would mean that CBG can prevent other cannabinoids from docking with the CB1 receptor. Thus, the effect of, for example, THC, could be attenuated. Whether CBG docks at the CB2 receptor or prevents other cannabinoids from doing so is not yet clear.

Cannabis research is increasing more and more, and CBG is now also coming into focus. It will certainly take some time before firm statements can be made about the effect of CBG and other cannabinoids.


We at ALPINOLS believe in the full power of the hemp plant. So only the best of the plant is in our CBD oils, which means the important cannabinoid CBG is there too!

Our CBD oil is produced with a gentle extraction method. The CO2 extraction ensures that all important components such as the other cannabinoids (CBG, CBD, ...) are preserved. With other extraction methods, valuable cannabinoids can be lost. This is what we want to avoid.

In our CBD oil, you will also find only natural components of the hemp plant, such as CBG. This way, we can guarantee that our CBD oils contain the full power of the plant.